Reflections … food for thought


Food culture is the talk of the town over every dinner table at home, at hawker centres and kopitiam.

Hawker Culture in Singapore is an integral part of the way of life for Singaporeans, where people from all walks of life gather at hawker centres to dine and bond over their favourite hawker food, which are prepared by hawkers.  Over the years, this unique combination of food, space and community has evolved into a microcosm of Singapore’s multicultural society, with stalls selling Chinese, Malay, Indian and many other diverse type of dishes.

Many of these hawker dishes originated from the food cultures of different immigrant groups who settle in Singapore.  Over time, they have evolved to become the distinctive local dishes that we love, and form an import part of our food heritage.

The city state is home to many open air food courts where vendors, known as “hawkers”, serve dishes such as chicken and rice, noodles and meat skewers at relatively cheap prices.    It described the city state’s food centres as “community dining rooms” which form part of the country’s identity.

Singapore announced last year it would nominate its hawker culture to be designated as intangible cultural heritage by UNESCO, and if successful it will join items such as traditional Japanese cuisine and Belgian beer on the list.

Senior National Heritage Board official Yeo Kirk Siang insisted the bid was not meant to show the city’s street food was “better” than that of other countries.

“It’s not about countries trying to prove that their cultural practices are better, unique, or that it originated from the country,”

“What the nomination is about is whether the cultural practice is valued by the community within that country … and whether they are committed to safeguarding these practices within their countries.”

Officials also hope the bid will encourage the younger generation to get more involved in the street food business.

A related blog on heritage food culture in Singapore over the decades here .

Some hawkers have been awarded Michelin stars by the culinary bible, which has had a Singapore edition since 2016.

Please watch the UNESCO Nomination – Hawker Culture in Singapore video here .

Food for Thought

There is no such thing as a social class of food for the rich or the poor.  However, there is a division of a society based on social and economic status at the restaurants where the people are dined.

The rich and the famous would patronise the 5-star hotels and restaurants for their meals and well-dressed appropriately.  At official events for businessmen, the invitation cards would mention the ‘dress code’ to be properly dressed.

The wealthy people also enjoy food.  When they dine at the food courts, they would be simply dressed and not dressed in the same way they dine at the restaurants.

Video for Food

Please watch this amusing video here .

The young pretty Chinese girl, daughter of a farmer, works very hard daily to help the family to cut big trees, carry pails of water, plough the farms, harvest the fruits and vegetables.  She needs to eat heartily for strength and energy.  Her mother would cook to feed the hardworking and her young sister daily.

20190402_15024720190402_14594420190402_150038These are the screen-shots of the video to view.20190402_150155.jpg20190403_004551.jpg20190403_004837.jpg20190403_004303.jpg


Traditional Biscuit Makers


The completed hand-made tortoise-shaped biscuit for sale



Gin Thye – A Traditional Teochew Confectionary


Established since 1964, Gin Thye is a Singapore homegrown heritage brand that specialises in traditional Chinese and wedding pastries, offering specialty items of various dialect groups such as Teochew Wu Se Tang, Cantonese Si Se Bing, Hokkien Hong Zhi Bao, Hainan Jian Dui, as well as traditional peanut cookies, kuehs and cakes to tantalise your taste buds.

A Chinese Heritage of Love…

Specialising in traditional Chinese wedding pastries, Gin Thye is a reputed household name that has been devoted to serving Singaporeans with its nostalgic bakery selections since 1964.

Keeping up with the times…

Harnessing the vast knowledge, skills and expertise in baking, Gin Thye has progressed, modernised and invested in R&D to embrace innovation and creativity to bring new life into its bakery business. While focusing on new recipes and new creations, Gin Thye remains committed to the quality, taste and authenticity of its products, being particularly selective on the choice of ingredients, abiding by its time-proven techniques and ensuring the consistent results. Coupled with the craftsmanship of experienced pastry chefs, excitement abounds with the launch of each fresh concept.

… while keeping traditions alive


Gin Thye plays a pivotal role in preserving Chinese customs with its traditional handcrafted confections for customary ceremonies and festive celebrations. Those delightful goodies form a precious part of our culture, stories and memories that are invaluable. We want to continuously share this appreciation for traditional foods that will always hold a special place in our hearts.

Spreading the love

With expansion plans to the global markets, Gin Thye is set to spread its passionate love for Singapore’s unique cuisine with our international friends and pass on this cultural heritage to our future generations.


Gin Thye Guo Da Li Bundle – Teochew Custom


Sweet way to announce a marriage

Long ago before the days of the Internet online email, messenger, Facebook, Twitter, etc Chinese brides and grooms-to-be announce their marriage with friends, relatives and colleagues are given as a prelude to the wedding ceremony, and as a way of spreading news of the marriage.

In ancient times, when a daughter married into her husband’s family, the wedding banquet was given by the parents of the groom.

They would also arrange for the wedding biscuits or cakes to be distributed by the bride’s family to announce the wedding to friends, relatives and colleagues.

For Chinese Singaporean who are Teochew dialect group, the Teochew wedding biscuits was a form of confirmation that the marriage would take place.

In traditional Chinese society, a number of bedding and clothing articles had to be sewn and embroidered before the wedding and the time span between the engagement and before the wedding.

The tradition of the wedding biscuits originated from China and remained unchanged for many generations.

In olden times, the groom’s family prepared gifts of jewellery, clothes, textiles, incense, candles, candy, dried foods and placed them in square containers called sheng to send to the bride’s family.

The gift was merely symbolic, and was always returned to represent the bride’s family’s uncovetous nature.  But the tasty wedding biscuits, a treat in a simple agricultural society, were generally not returned.

In 1973, one food company began marketing Western-style butter cookies, to be used for the same purpose as the cakes.  The small, crisp cookies often flavoured with nuts or chocolate, won instant popularity for the simplicity and convenience.  The cost of their production was also lower than for cakes, as the process could be easily mechanised.

Soon, other companies began marketing carefully baked and packaged wedding biscuits.  Western-style cakes, candies and other sweets are also packaged and sold for wedding purposes.

Cookies are now the most commonly given form of “wedding cakes”.  Traditional biscuits, like the handcrafted confections from Gin Thye, have not disappeared but are more popular in smaller areas.

Selected YouTube videos related to the blog

Variety is the spice of life. Gin Thye Cake Maker was inaugurated in 1964, with its flagship outlet situated along Sembawang Road. Providing various types of cakes and confectionary, from everyday favorites to custom orders for traditional festive season such as Teochew, Cantonese and Hokkien weddings, customers can experience “variety as the spice of life” through its various offerings.

The “Tuesday Report” in Chinese were screened on MediaCorp TV in 3 parts shared below:

The videos are posted as Part 1 , Part 2 , Part 3 .

Published on Jan 31, 2013

The fifth episode of NHB’s “Heritage in Episodes” project focuses on a traditional Teochew bakery, its range of traditional products, its past as well as its future.

Please watch the video here .


The archived photos shared on this blog with acknowledgement of the National Archives of Singapore, National Library Board, National Heritage Board and unidentified contributors with thanks.

A walk in the park, a step back in time


A brisk walk on a sunny morning on 3 March, 2019 at the Fort Canning Park with friends of the Tampines Green Residents Committee.  Most of them are pioneer generation friends and a few with weaker legs were using wheel-chairs. Thanks to the volunteers to help and organise these activities for the senior citizens.







Collective memories of Fort Canning Park

While travelling in the coach from the Tampines Green Senior Citizens Corner at Tampines St. 12 to the Fort Canning Park, many of us shared our fond nostalgic memories of the “Ong Keh Sua Ka” (皇家山下) during our younger “pak tor” days.



national theatre memories


The former Van Kleef Aquarium at the compound of the Fort Canning Park was where I often brought my children to visit during the school holidays.


This photo was taken in 1960s in front of the fountain at the entrance of the former National Theatre, located at the River Valley Road and the foot of Fort Canning.  (known as “Ong Keh Sua Ka” (皇家山下) in Hokkien.

Memories of Keng Hee

Thanks to Keng Hee for her contributions at the Singapore Memory Project photos and stories reproduced on this blog to share.



When Singapore was in the 1970s, there were not much places of interest to go. A Singapore icon that was torn down to make way for open spaces at the foot of Fort Canning Hill is the National Theatre and Van Kleef Aquarium.  While there are reasons to tear down the aquarium and national theatre, in current context, roads can always be dug underground and monuments preserved.  In the 70s, it is an outing in the hot sun and people are aplenty.  In those days, there is no covered shelters.  My memory is faint but definitely many other Singaporeans my parents age will remember this iconic place.  As we look back in time, many things seems right.  And as we age, we all yearn for a memory of the past. The theatre wasn’t air conditioned, but Singaporeans then never complain.  As always, there are many things in life that is appreciated.  I never understood why after so many years, the location is not economically used. Perhaps it was for feng shui reasons. The national monument could have stayed in the current location till today and could have been a great indoor restaurant location serving fine food.  We have a short history in Singapore compared to other countries.  As each generation pass on, to bond Singaporeans to this place, we need to create memories.  Memories so strong that when they work overseas, they yearn to return to the place where they 1st fell in love. If places as such were destroyed and new buildings are in place, there is no longer any attachment to this island state.   I hope my contribution of dug out photos which were black and white helped jolt back memories for many others and for them to take an extra effort to locate their own photos, scan it and share it with the next generation.

Source:  Courtesy of Keng Hee contribution at the Singapore Memory Project.

A walk through Fort Canning Park

A walk through Fort Canning Park is like taking a stroll through the pages of a history book, literally a mine of information and knowledge.

Fort Canning is popularly known as the Hill of History because war relics and monuments from the 19th century have been found there.

The history lesson at Fort Canning Park, an 18-ha piece of mostly rolling, grass-covered land, draped over a hill in the heart of the city.

It is convenient to visit as the City Hall MRT station is nearby.

Sitting in the centre of the park is Fort Canning Centre, a 65-year-old restored military barracks which has become a major cultural venue and is the residence of two performing-arts companies.

Its columns and monuments are what catches the eye of most visitors because they are imposing and grand.

From around 1860 until the 1970s, Fort Canning Park was used as a military base, first by the British, then by the Japanese during World War II.

It is hard not to stumble onto or spot relics of colonial times when strolling around this green lung.

One of them is the 6-metre tall, 19th-century Fort Gate at the top of the hill.  This is all that remains of the fortress which occupied the area from 1861 to 1926.

For a bird’s-eye view of the park, climb the narrow staircase behind one of the gate’s massive wooden doors; it will take you to the roof of the structure.

Over on the park’s eastern side, near the Registry of Marriages, is a keramat, a traditional burial ground of a revered leader.

It is uncertain who is buried here, but many believe it is the resting place of Sultan Iskandar Shah, the last Malay king of Singapore.

Countless archaeological digs have been carried out in the park and 30,000 artefacts have been recovered over the years.

From the time ancient kings ruled the island to the arrival of Stamford Raffles, colonial Singapore and World War II, all these events have intimate links with the place.

The relics, the dig and the monuments bring to life our history, making a stroll here an absorbing and enriching experiences.

The Fort Canning Park helped to develop the historical site and its environs into a lively place which would project Singapore’s history, heritage and sense of nationalism.

Fort Canning Hill’s history dates back to the 14th century, when majarajahs built their palaces at its peak.

In 1822 Sir Stamford Raffles built Government House there and the hill was known as Government Hill.

Thirty-six years later, a fort was built over the demolished Government House, hence the name Fort Canning.

During World War II, British forces used the tunnels in the hill as an underground command centre.

sally port




The 9-pound cannon at Fort Canning.  The cannon was more for decoration and was not used at Fort Canning, as it was built in the 18th century and was obsolete by the time the fort was built in 1860.





Spice Garden



River Hong Bao 2019 Bicentennial Edition




The River Hongbao celebrations have drawn more than 1.35 million visitors during the 8 days of festivities.

River Hongbao has been building in popularity over the years.  It drew 1.45 million visitors last year, 1.4 million in 2017 and 1.06 million in 2016.

Mr Ang Wei Neng, chairman of the River Hongbao organising committee, said the hard work has paid off.

The MP for Jurong GRC said: “What is most satisfying is when I walk around and talk to people, to see many first-time visitors who say they want to return next year, and the happy faces of young children, teenagers, young adults, parents and grandparents as well as a diverse array of visitors from different countries, it makes it all worth it.”

Thirty-six years ago on 27 February 1983, the Singapore Tourist Promotion Board held a Hong Bao Special at the Ngee Ann Kongsi land (between the Mandarin Hotel and Ngee Ann Building at 8pm. This was held in conjunction with the celebration of Lunar New Year.  The show features lion and dragon dances, pugilistic displays, a performance by Chinese Orchestra, flag dances and songs by local and overseas artistes.

The first time I brought my son to the River Hongbao celebration at the Singapore River in 1992 in the “Memories of River Hongbao 1992” blog here  .

River Hong Bao 2019 (Bicentennial Edition)

This year is special for me.  I made a trip to River Hongbao 2019 at the The Float @ Marina Bay, organised by Tampines Green Residents’ Committee.  Thanks to the staff and volunteers to help the residents, many of whom have never visited the River Hong Bao celebrations before.  The community service for the various constituencies in Singapore.




“Cai Sheng Yeh” met me and blessed me with a complimentary voucher to Sentosa.



The young Singaporean mother kindly posed this memorable photo with her daughter. The first time for her to attend the River Hong Bao CNY celebrations and especially to watch the fireworks display.



The loving father carried his daughter on his shoulders for her to have a better view of the fireworks display.

The theme of the River Hong Bao “Bicentennial Edition” exhibition are shown on the photos on this blog.





20190209_182807.jpg20190209_183023.jpg20190209_183047.jpg20190209_183059.jpg20190209_183342.jpg20190209_183400.jpg20190209_183452.jpg20190209_183621.jpg20190209_183659.jpg20190209_184005.jpg20190209_184120.jpg20190209_185312.jpg20190209_193152.jpg20190209_193158.jpgThere were many non-Chinese Singaporeans in the audience.  The River Hong Bao Chinese New Year celebrations is the entertainment and enjoyment for everyone.


The performances on the stage were displayed on the huge screens.  There were 3 screens located at the floating platform where the audience were seated.

Before 8 pm, all the seats were fully occupied and everyone waiting for the fireworks display at 10 pm.

The River Hong Bao 2019 fireworks display

The spectacular, colorful fireworks display, the finale of the evening’s
programs for everyone waiting with bated breath.  My amateurish video of the memorable memories of the fireworks display I captured to share.

At the Marina Bay and Esplanade areas, a joyous firework flare-up that filled the skies exploded in a kaleidoscope of colours., an unforgettable sight and sound for young and old.

One does not get a chance to see fireworks everyday in Singapore.  Fireworks help to hype up the mood of the people.  In addition to light and sound, there is also the beauty of the colors and patterns of the fireworks display.  Many overseas visitors and tourists made a trip to watch the River Hong Bao fireworks, thanks to the publicity by the Singapore Tourism Board in the mass media, brochures and websites.

With thanks to CM Chen who posted a professional video “Singapore River Hongbao 2019 – (China) Chinese New Year Fireworks” on YouTube here .  The splendid location where he captured the beautiful fireworks to show the fireworks; with the background of the lighted buildings at the Singapore waterfront.  Awesome!

Postman in the Kampong in the Past


Postmen are familiar figures in all parts of Singapore since the early days.


A Malay postman in the 1900s.

A postman is an important person in our lives because they facilitate communication among people from various parts of the world; internationally.

Those were the early days before Internet online email, Facebook, Twitters, Whatsapp, Messenger and the instantaneous communication with text, images, ‘live’ audio-visual videos and photos to change the lives of everyone.


Did you notice that the postman in 1906 was bare-footed?

They not only deliver letters, they also bring parcels at our doorsteps, instead of travelling long distances to pick it at the nearest post office.

Everyday, people wait patiently for the postman to deliver good news after a job interview, application for a licence from the government or businesses, result after a school examination, etc.

These include confirmation of business deals, college invitation, or a selection to attend an event.  Love letters from boy to girl or girl to boy and they couldn’t sleep the whole night after reading the letters of sweet nothing 🙂



Being a postman is not an easy job.  One needs to serve many households everyday without mixing up the letters or parcels.

The postman do not work in air-conditioned comfort or sitting down in front of a computer and little to walk about.  In whatever weather, rain or shine, he works outside serving people.

Being a postman requires to be self-disciplined, honest, reliable and part of his duty is to deliver sensitive information he needs to be responsible and arduous despite the volume of work he needs to complete each day.  A postman is a diligent worker and true to his work.  It is an honest job to earn a living and with a good respect for contribution to Singapore.

In summary, a postman is a noble person and has a heavy responsibility job to perform because he ensure everyone receive his package in time.  Someday, an important letter from the employer to attend a job interview could change our lives.

With the courtesy of the National Archives of Singapore, with an excerpt of the oral interview of Mr Cheong Yoke Khee ( 张玉旗先生)  on 4 September, 1995 below:

Postmen expected to be courteous.  Travelled by walking.  Delivery of mail during Christmas and Chinese New Year.  Mail must be delivered by end of the day.  Salary earned was enough for him.  Uniforms issued.  Polished uniform buttons and shoes.  Mailbags used.  Few letters written in the 1950s.  Carried a raincoat or else he would be fined or transferred out.  Postmen in outlying areas had bicycles and motorcycles.  Bicycles looked after by shopkeepers while on duty.  People waited for letters eagerly.  General Post Office (GPO) branches,

The interview in Chinese reproduced:

现在他们没有这么样 ( 认真 ),只有看那个 [信] 送到去就不管了,我们没有,以前没有,认真,很认真做,做工很汄真,送一定要送好好来,不要去到那边就丢下去在那个桌子,我们不敢的。现在他们是那个……就跑掉,我们没有。以前的很好,礼貌的。我们的那个时代,50 年代,叫做 50 年代,我们送信的时候不敢怎么样,要去到那边有礼貌,跟人家说: “早安,你的信到了。” 要淡一谈的,
跟那个店头 (店里) 还是什么。有时碰贝那个人家家庭什么: “你的信,送来,来收信。” 他有信箱我们放信箱,以前是很少有信箱的,那个小的信箱很少有的。说”好了!收信了!” 他们就说谢谢。保家信签名,要比较跟他们很客气,我们对他越客气,他们对我们越好。

那个时候还没有脚车,就走路,你走几多条石 [供应] 来,我做了这样多年是走路,有时走几里路。好像我们去到那边来回要3个半里路,没有太短的,这样去都1个里半了,回来不是 [共] 3个里半 [吗?],多数走路。有时背 [很] 重,在那个 [节日] 人家过节,圣涎节还是我们华人过年,那个信很多,就是在圣诞节那个圣涎卡就很多,困为那个时候 [是在] 英国人的手,很多人是奉教 [教徒|] 的多。这个送完了后就到那个华 [人新] 年了,困为新加坡人很多华人,寄贺年片多,就做那个补水 (超时工作)。有时晚上放工回去,筹等下晚上你来做补水,你准备你的区的信做好了,明天你送些比较没有……送不完。 他英国人这样,一定要你送完的,今天的信不要留在明天的,一定要迒到完。就是放工事,回去了,回去吃饭吃完了,晚上就淮备我们的……。做十多天,做到差不多要过年就停了。那个时候过年都要做工,年初也要做工。那么在50年代。店头 (商店) 很喜欢的,他年初收到年片什么东西,他们很高兴。他重要是年片,因为他说你去做工,送张年片给他,说有人跟他拜年什么,他很喜欢有这种的东西。以前华人的传统是这样,年初一来,他很高兴。但是很多店头没有开的,有来开就是好像八时多,九时开,他就关了,那个时候我们刚刚出来送信,送给他们。有的还没有开我就没有办法,看它可以放进去我们就放进去,多数跟他放在门下面,塞进去那个信。

…… 50年代那个东西很便宜,好像一杯咖啡,没有奶的,才我看1角钱,你放奶就1角5分,所以很便宜,什么都……。 吃一包 nasi lemak 饭 (梛丬浆饭),马来人卖的,很大包,两角钱,有的1角5分,看大小,小一点就1角钱,吃1包你就可以饱。卖的面的也是很便宜,两角钱,三角钱也有,现在就不同了,几元,差很远了。那个时候好像你不要大用 (多花),你用不完的,137 元你可以养一个家。好像我还没有结婚的时候我都用不完那个钱,137 元每个月用就剩下67元,用不完那个钱,就存下来,储蓄下来。


Mr Cheong Yoke Khee, 59, outside the Singapore Philatelic Museum.  Beside him is Singapore’s only remaining red pillar, old-style post box.

(Photo by Ali Yusoff.  Source: The Straits Times, 2 February, 1996).

Letters from the past: A postman comes calling.

Like the stamps on display at the Singapore Philatelic Museum where he works as a guide, Mr Cheong Yoke Khee is a relic of the past.

At 59, he is probably the “oldest” postman around, having witnessed the transition of Singapore from British colonial rule in the ’50s to an independent Republic in 1965.

It all started in 1955 for the Malaysian-born Mr Cheong, when he gave up his studies in Malacca and came to Singapore.  “I was 18 and I wanted to earn my own living,” he says.

After a stint at a Chinese tea shop as a delivery boy, he became a postman with the British colonial government.

The pay was good for the time, he says.  “It was $137 a month, which is like $1,000 today.  At that time, coffee only cost five cents.”

The work, however, was strenuous.

“Have to walk to deliver letters, hundred of letters.  Bicycles very few, for long journeys only.”

This was no mean feat, considering that he had to carry his mail in a canvas bag, which weighed “at least 16 kg”.

“Sometimes, also had to climb stairs.  At that time, stairs were very dark and dangerous.  When it rained, it was worse, flooding very common.”

His uniform did not make things any easier.

“Khaki trousers and shirt, very thick and heavy.  Also had to wear topi, very hot.”

On top of that, the British were very sticky about discipline.

“Every morning when you came to work, the inspector would check on you.  Shoes, shirt buttons, even belt buckle and the GPO (General Post Office) letters on the topi, all had to polish.  If uniform not smart, they sent you home to clean and gave you warning.”

They were also very strict about people stealing stamps.

“If we saw stamps on the floor, we could not keep, had to report to inspector.”

This may explain why to this day, Mr Cheong has never had a stamp collection of his own.

Things took a turn for the better when Singapore became a republic in 1965.  A green uniform made of lighter material and cap replaced the khaki uniform and topi.

As the amount of mail increased in the ’70s, delivery by bicycles, which were given a coat of bright yellow paint (“to show that we are a young country”) became more common.

“The stamps also became more colourful.  In the past, they showed mostly the crowns of the British king and queen.  But now, they showed places in Singapore, the national flower and also tigers, which were common at Bukit Timah Hill.”

The Postman in Modern Times







Over the decades, the postman and postal system offer courier services for sorting, delivery to destinations all over the world.  Speedpost is one of the best system and courier service, fast, reliable and efficient in Singapore.


With the advent of Internet online communications, the methods of postal services have to change with the times. Please find out more here .

Personal memories of the postman in Bukit Ho Swee kampong.

Before the Bukit Ho Swee fire in 1961 when I was 13 years old, I received only 2 letters which the postman put into the letter-box of our landlord’s house.

One was a Chinese New Year card which my Primay 5 teacher Mr Soo Mok Sung from Delta Primary School in 1960.  I was very happy and when I showed it to my mother, she told me to thank Mr Soo.

Another was a colorful postcard which my English language teacher, Mrs Jessie Wee in 1960.  She was in Maxwell Hill in Malaysia when she was on honeymoon with her husband.  It is a pity that the greeting card and the postcard were burnt in the BHS fire.

More about Mrs Jessie Wee here .


A new postman who have to deliver mails to an address in Bukit Ho Swee kampong, he would be confused and go crazy.

The house numbers were not in sequence or in any order.  It was a maze.  For example, house No. 15 would be house No. 55 on its left and house No. 88 on its right.  House No.  16 could be located further down the muddy road.   A seasoned and experienced postman after many months or years in Bukit Ho Swee may be able to deliver mails easily.

Fortunately, there are no longer kampongs in Singapore, else it would take hours to find the house numbers.  It was unplanned houses built anywhere anyhow as long as there is a vacant land to build the kampong house with wooden plank walls and attap or zinc roofs.  Really, nobody can imagine what a kampong in Bukit Ho Swee could locate.  Those were the days and place where I was born.

My fellow pioneer generation kampong dwellers have survived the fuzzy and messy ways of life in the kampong in the past.  We have adapted to the changes in our work, in the environment and the progress and developments in Singapore.

A Chinese Temple in A Malay Kampong

screenshot_20190116-224648The former Changi Hong San Si Temple at Lorong Melayu before it was rebuilt and developed in 1987.

207437_514702655214631_1143839391_nThe present Changi Hong San Si Temple at Lorong Melayu


Hong San Si Temple (zhang yi feng shan si) was founded in the early 20th Century by a Peranakan Chinese that worked in the police force. His daughter was suffering from a long term illness and was cured after receiving blessing from Guangze Zunwang. In return he built a temple to honour Guanze Zunwang. Due to the founder’s profession, this temple is known to some as ‘Tua Kou Hong San Si’ (‘Tua Kou’ means police in Hokkien). The temple was last rebuilt in 1987 at the same site, and it is now a 3-storey building.



There are many Chinese temples, mosques, churches and other places for worship in multi-racial, multi-religious Singapore.

Please check out the previous blogs on “Inter-religious places of worship in Singapore” here and the “Koo Chye Ba Sheng Hong Temple 100th Anniversary Celebration in 2017” here .

A new book on Chinese temples uncovered fascinating fact in the new book “Temple Culture”.


Address: 17 Lorong Melayu, Singapore
Tel: 6742 4318

Operating Hours:
Normal days – 6am to 6pm
1st & 15th of Lunar month – 6am to 8pm

Main Deity 主神/佛
Guangze Zunwang 广泽尊王

Other Deities 众神/佛
Miao Ying Xian Fei 妙应仙妃
Thirteen Tai Bao 十三太保
General of the Black Command 黑令将军
Tai Sui 太岁爷
Five Battalion Commanders (Wu Ying Shen Jiang) 五营神将
Tian Hou Sheng Mu (Mazu) 天后圣母
Zhun Ti Guanyin (Goddess of Mercy/Compassion) 准提观音
Madam Zhu Sheng 注生娘娘
San Qing Dao Zu 三清道祖
Jade Emperor (Yu Huang Da Di) 玉皇大帝
City God 城隍爷
Kitchen God 灶君公
Hell Soldiers 阴军
Earth God 土地公
Tiger God 虎爷(下坛元帅)

Changi Hong San Si Temple celebration video on Youtube

樟宜鳳山寺 posted by Lim tan here and 樟宜凤山寺 2017 yewkeng part 1 by louis lim here .

“三王峰会”盛大庙庆 新加坡樟宜凤山寺

1986 年落成以来,樟宜凤山寺不断中国取经学习,目前相信己成为本地拥有最完整广泽尊王文化的庙宇。












With thanks to the contributors of the related photos, contents and Youtube videos to share on this blog.  Much appreciated.

james seah at hong san siJames Seah at 樟宜鳳山寺 on 16 January, 2019


World Will End in Year 2000


Everybody’s favorite scapegoat

In Computerworld’s first 50 years covering the tech industry, it’s possible that no single IT topic got as much attention as the so-called “Y2K crisis.”  In the second half of the 1990s, IT organizations spent billions patching systems and replacing hardware and software that had been designed to support only a two-digit year format.  Because of the unprecedented scope of the work required to address the problem, what became known in industry shorthand as “Y2K remediation” projects turned out to be the biggest challenges many IT leaders faced in their careers.  The world knew the problem by many names – Year 2000 Bug, the Millennium Bug and simply Y2K – and just about everyone had heard dire predictions that business operations would spiral into a state of total paralysis as the clock struck midnight on Dec 31, 1999.  And then it was over.

As Robert L. Mitchell wrote in “Y2K: The good, the bad and the crazy,” a Computerworld feature looking back at the Y2K phenomenon 10 years after the fact), the world held its breath on New Year’s Eve 1999 – and nothing happened.  Jan 1, 2000 came in just like any other day.  There were no major failures to report anywhere.  In the aftermath, or non-aftermath, Mitchell reports that some pundits said all the preparation had been overkill. Others maintained that only the hard work of IT pros kept the information systems of the world on track.  Whatever side you take in that debate, there’s no argument that Y2K had a big impact on the psyche of IT professionals and the world at large.  The Millennium Bug became a convenient scapegoat for everyone from CIOs to litte kids with messy bedrooms.  And it certainly provided a wealth of material for our editorial cartoonist, John Klossner.  We hope you enjoy this wry look back at the way we obsessed over, sought to profit from or tried to ignore the looming spectre of Y2K.


Web presence not enough

20181229_143038Mr Alex Siow  (2001)


Name:  Alex Siow

Age    :  46

Interests:   Bowling and golf

Reads an average of two novels a month

Marital Status:  Married with two children

Career:  CIO of HDB

Other Hats:  President of Singapore Computer Society, assistant general secretary of South East Asia Regional Computer Confederation Adjunct associate professor of Nanyang Business Choo, National Technology of University

The coming decade will be an era of e-enabling the business.  Mr Alex Siow, chief information officer of HDB and president of the Singapore Computer Society speaks with JENNY CHIN about his views on what the challenges are and how CIOs can prepare themselves to meet the demands.


If you look at the horizon, what do you see are the technology challenges facing companies?

Prior to the year 2000, the emphasis was on the Y2K bug.  There was fear then of absolute chaos in the systems.  The emphasis then was to make all systems Y2K complaint.

But when 2000 came and the Y2K bug was not an issue, companies began to focus on how to communicate with their customers and business partners over the Web.  There is now a swelling demand for Internet enabled applications and this is the main challenge facing companies.

But most companies have a Web presence already, haven’t they?

Here, we are not just looking at a Web presence.  That is a given and it is important that every company must be accessible to the public on the Internet.  This is because it is becoming common for people to go to the Web and look for information and companies without a Web presence will be regarded as second rate.

But beyond Web presence, companies must now look at Internet-enabled customer service application and transaction based application.

This is going to be a medium to long-term investment.  It is true that many people who have invested on the Web have found the payback in financial terms to be slow.  I urge for patience.  The young people will begin to transact soon and the momentum should snowball.

What is the CIOs role in this whole exercise?

It has only been in the last five years that large corporations here have appointed CIOs.  Before that, this position did not quite exist.

The CIO’s job is to do strategic planning for the company and fit IT into the business model of the organisation.  His job description is much more than looking after the day to day operations.  He is supposed to look into the horizon and chart the IT manpower, systems and business plans for the company.

The IT manpower shortage is for real.  Mr Alex Siow shares his views on how companies can handle this issue and still stay on track to roll out e-enable applications.

Do you find difficulties hiring IT staff?

There has been a global shortage of IT staff.  The crunch started in 1999 and we have not been able to operate to full strength.

Then, how can companies get around the issue of manpower shortage?

Basically, we can look at tackling the issue in four ways.  These are hiring second rate staff, getting contract workers from overseas, outsourcing, or using the application service provider (ASP) model.  The ASP supplies you with the application you need over the Internet and maintain them on your behalf.  You pay based on per user per month or per use.

What are the strengths and weaknesses of each of these methods?

Personally, hiring second rate staff can only be temporary solution.  In the long-term, it impacts the level of intelligence of your organisation.  I am not trying to be arrogant here but you must set a benchmark for your organisation and find people that can raise the benchmark.

Personally, I am in favour of hiring contract workers from abroad but this pool seems to be drying up too.

The third alternative, outsourcing, is not popular in this part of the world partly because companies want to have more control over IT, which is increasingly  a core competency for a business.  So, whenever we outsource, it is mainly for a project where the outsourcing company has expertise not available in-house.  This is a workable solution except that the outsourcing company also runs into manpower problems.  To retain its staff, it has to pay a premium.  That’s why outsourcing is a viable but an expensive option.

How do you classify first grade staff?  What do you look for in a fresh graduate during an interview?

Here, I am not just looking at workers but someone who can be a strategic planner as well and develop the business skills.  That’s what IT in the new economy is all about.

How about existing mainframe staff?  Are they dead and how do you pan to convert them to the new economy?

The CIO needs to draw up a strategic plan, which classifies the existing manpower and draws up a training programme for them to adjust to the New Economy.  It is not easy for someone conversant with mainframes to come out of his comfort zone and fit into the new economy.  Even with training, they may never be able to be as conversant with Java as someone trained in it.

Yet, because they know the legacy systems, they are the ones who help you to e-enable your legacy and mainframe systems.

But mainframes are being phased out, aren’t they?

If you are a big organisation with lots of systems and manpower trained on existing systems, you are not going to throw them out overnight.  The cost of doing so is enormous.  Instead, you will try to extend the life span of your legacy systems, adding functionality and interactivity with the Web economy to it.  There is nothing like the mainframe – an old, reliable, trusty workhorse.

opening-slide_620181229_142833[Source: The Straits Times, 21 February 2001]